5, 4, 3, 2, 1 Anxiety Grounding: The 5 Senses Exercise
When you feel anxious, it's easy to feel stuck in that state. Your heart races, you feel sweaty, and you're certain everyone can tell that you're in a downward spiral. There's often a sense of impending doom that comes alongside anxiety; a feeling that everything is out of your control. Whether anxious episodes are a common part of your everyday life or they mainly arise in response to stressful days, they are deeply unpleasant and can undermine your overall well-being.
So, what should you do when anxiety strikes? One of the most powerful approaches you can take is to learn how to do an anxiety grounding exercise that immediately calms your body and mind. We'll guide you through the basic steps you need to follow in order to do an exercise that focuses on the five senses, and we'll explain how you can incorporate this technique into your everyday life.
5 Senses in 5 Mindful Minutes
The basic premise of this exercise is that reconnecting with all of your senses can ground you in the present moment, putting a stop to racing thoughts.
It is a short, simple mindfulness technique that slows your respiration rate reduces your pulse. It helps to let your body know that there is nothing to fear. Anyone can make time for this exercise, as it only lasts five minutes.
All you need is a quiet space where you can be alone for those five minutes.
Sit upright, rest your hands on top of your thighs, and make sure you’re comfortable. Next, breathe slowly and deeply, and follow these five steps.
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As you continue to breathe slowly and deeply, start to tune in to what you can hear around you. Don't judge the sounds around you (classifying them as positive or negative), just notice them.
The first things you'll notice are things like traffic, conversation in your building, music and so on. However, as you spend a minute doing this, you should slowly start to hear more sounds than you did at the beginning. What started as an awareness of the loudest and most intrusive noises will widen out so that you can hear little noises in your home or office.
If you have difficulty focusing on sounds and your mind starts to wander, bring your attention back to your breathing. When you have that under control, move back to the hearing stage of the exercise. Once you've done this technique a few times, it becomes much easier to do at a faster rate.
After hearing, switch your attention over to your sense of smell.
- What different scents can you pick up in your environment?
- If you're at home, can you smell food that is cooking or that was recently eaten?
- Can you smell any products you've used, such as your shampoo or fabric softener?
- And if you're somewhere in your workplace, can you pick up the distinctive odor produced by electronic equipment?
- Try picking up smells coming from outside, too, whether you notice freshly cut grass or exhaust fumes.
As with step one, the goal is not to classify smells into categories of “good” and “bad.”
If you don't have a particularly strong sense of smell, you can make this step of the exercise easier by lightening a scented candle before your five minute period. This will give you something distinct to focus on, and it's this mindful appreciation of the present that you are trying to create.
You might have naturally closed your eyes during steps one and two above. If you did, that's just fine, but open them now so that you can focus on the sight step of the exercise. Now, look around you and take in the finer details of your space.
What can you see? What colors are present, and what shapes? Are there dominant shades in the room, and are the colors warm or cold? And are certain colors missing? All of these facts ground you in the room, and in your body, reducing the physical and mental symptoms of anxiety.
If you have any difficulties with this stage, you can also set up specific objects to focus on. Some people choose a row of stones, while others choose 5-10 items with varying textures. Approaching the exercise in this way can get you used to the idea of visual focus, and you'll soon be able to do it in any room.
The taste step of your anxiety-busting mindfulness exercise might sound odd if you don't have anything to eat or drink. You will likely find the technique easier if you do have something to sip or nibble during this stage, but it isn't necessary. You can also just focus on the sensations in your mouth; how your tongue feels resting between your teeth, what tastes (if any) remain from a previous meal and the texture of your saliva in your mouth. You can even try running your tongue over each tooth in turn, and move it along the inside of your cheeks.
If you do have food, apply the same ideas discussed in the previous steps above. In other words, really notice all of the different textures in what you're eating. Are some parts smooth, while others are rough? What distinctive ingredients can you detect? And does the taste linger after you swallow?
In the final step, you'll turn your attention to touch. When you first started the exercise, you placed your hands on your thighs. Are they still there? What can you feel under your hands? You might feel the roughness of your jeans, the warmth of your bare skin, or the softness of a cotton skirt.
However, don't just focus on your hands. Think about what is under your feet, and where your body is sitting. Notice all of the textures, and scan for places where your body feels tense and where it feels relaxed.
To round off the anxiety grounding exercise, stand up from where you're sitting and touch one or two objects in the room. This is an important part of the grounding process and helps you to continuously train your attention on the present. And if you get distracted during your exercise, just start again. In the end, you should feel calmer and more resilient.